What should first-time buyers look out for when purchasing a property?

Financial Preparation

Budget and Affordability:

One of the first steps for first-time buyers is to assess their financial situation. This involves taking a close look at your income, expenses, and savings to determine how much you can afford to spend on a home. Getting an Agreement in Principle (AIP) from a mortgage lender is crucial as it gives you a clear understanding of your budget and shows sellers that you are a serious buyer. An AIP involves a lender evaluating your financial health and providing a conditional commitment for a loan amount.

Deposit and Closing Costs:

Saving for a deposit is a significant part of the home-buying process. The amount you need will depend on the loan type and lender requirements, typically ranging from 5% to 20% of the purchase price. Additionally, you should be prepared for closing costs, which generally amount to 2-5% of the home’s purchase price. These costs include fees for valuation, survey, solicitor, and stamp duty (if applicable).

Research and Planning


Choosing the right location is paramount. Research various neighbourhoods considering factors such as safety, proximity to work, schools, amenities, public transportation, and future development plans. A neighbourhood with good infrastructure and amenities can enhance your quality of life and potentially increase the property’s value over time.

Type of Property:

Decide on the type of property that best suits your lifestyle and needs. Options include detached houses, semi-detached houses, terraced houses, and flats. Detached houses offer more privacy and space but come with higher maintenance responsibilities. Flats can provide a more affordable entry point and often include shared amenities, but they may have service charges and leasehold arrangements.

Property Search and Evaluation

Estate Agent:

Working with a reputable estate agent can significantly streamline your home-buying process. An experienced agent provides market insights, negotiates on your behalf, and guides you through the complexities of buying a home. Choose an agent with a good track record and knowledge of the area you are interested in.

Property Survey:

A professional property survey is vital to identify any potential issues with the home. Surveyors will check the structural integrity, electrical systems, plumbing, roofing, and more. This step can reveal hidden problems that might affect the home’s value or require costly repairs, allowing you to make an informed decision or negotiate repairs or price reductions.

Condition and Maintenance:

Evaluate the overall condition of the property and consider the maintenance it will require. Older homes might have charm and character but could need more repairs and upgrades. Newer homes typically require less immediate maintenance but might come at a higher price. Factor in the cost of regular maintenance and any renovations you might need or want to undertake.

Offer and Negotiation:

Once you find a property you like, you will need to make a competitive offer. This involves not just the price but also terms like the completion date and any contingencies. Be prepared for counteroffers and negotiations. A good estate agent will be invaluable during this stage to help you strategize and secure the best deal.

Legal Review:

Hiring a solicitor to review contracts and handle legal paperwork can protect your interests. The solicitor ensures that all documents are legally sound and that you understand the terms and conditions of your purchase agreement. This step can prevent future legal issues and provide peace of mind.

Financial and Long-term Considerations

Mortgage Terms:

Understanding your mortgage options is crucial. Different lenders offer various loan products, rates, and terms. Shop around and compare offers to find the best rates and conditions that suit your financial situation. Fixed-rate mortgages provide stability, while variable-rate mortgages might offer lower initial rates but can fluctuate over time.


Buildings insurance is essential to protect your investment. It covers damage to your property and personal belongings due to events like fires, storms, and theft. Additionally, consider whether you need extra coverage for floods, earthquakes, or other specific risks relevant to your area.

Final Steps


Before completion, conduct a final walk-through of the property. This is your last chance to ensure that the home is in the agreed-upon condition and that any requested repairs have been completed. Check that all appliances are functioning and that there are no new damages.


The completion process involves signing all the necessary documents to transfer ownership of the property. This includes the mortgage agreement, title transfer, and completion statement. You will also need to pay any remaining closing costs. Once everything is signed and the funds are transferred, you will receive the keys to your new home.


Purchasing a property as a first-time buyer can be a complex and daunting process, but thorough financial preparation, careful research and planning, and attention to legal and contractual details can help you navigate it successfully. By following these steps, you can make informed decisions, avoid common pitfalls, and secure a home that meets your needs and budget.

*This article is not legal advice but provides a general overview. The specific details of your case will determine the best course of action.