UK Citizenship for Child Born Abroad

How Children Born Outside the UK Can Acquire British Citizenship? 

The rules for determining a child’s British citizenship can be complex, but there are three main ways in which a child born outside the UK can acquire British citizenship: 

  • Jus soli: This is the right of a child to acquire citizenship of the country in which they are born, regardless of the nationality of their parents. In the UK, a child born in the UK to at least one parent who is a British citizen or settled in the UK will be a British citizen by birth under jus soli. 
  • Jus sanguinis: This is the right of a child to acquire citizenship of the same nationality as their parents. In the UK, a child born outside the UK to at least one parent who is a British citizen by descent may be able to acquire British citizenship. 
  • Registration: A child born outside the UK to at least one parent who is a British citizen by descent may be able to register for British citizenship if they meet certain requirements. These requirements include living in the UK for a certain period of time and having a good understanding of the English language. 

Jus soli 

Jus soli is the most straightforward way for a child born outside the UK to acquire British citizenship. To acquire British citizenship by jus soli, the child must: 

  • Be born in the UK 
  • Have at least one parent who is a British citizen or settled in the UK 
  • The parent’s British citizenship or settlement must be in force at the time of the child’s birth 

Jus sanguinis 

Jus sanguinis is a more complex way for a child born outside the UK to acquire British citizenship. To acquire British citizenship by jus sanguinis, the child must: 

  • Be born outside the UK 
  • Have at least one parent who is a British citizen by descent 
  • The parent’s British citizenship by descent must have been in force at the time of the child’s birth 
  • The child must have lived in the UK for at least 5 years in the past 10 years before the application for citizenship is made 

Registration 

Registration is the third way for a child born outside the UK to acquire British citizenship. To register for British citizenship, the child must: 

  • Be born outside the UK 
  • Have at least one parent who is a British citizen by descent 
  • The child must have lived in the UK for at least 3 years in the past 5 years before the application for registration is made 
  • The child must be able to speak, read, and write in English at a level that is sufficient to integrate into British society 

It is important to note that the rules for determining a child’s British citizenship can change, so it is always best to seek legal advice if you are unsure whether your child is eligible.  

Please, contact us today! 

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